Garden Pests Cherry Fly and Tinker
The pest is a cherry fly – a two-winged insect belonging to the family of variegated wings. The body length of the pest is 3-5 mm, it is shiny, dark brown in color.
The eyes of the insect are faceted, the head and legs are yellow. On the transparent wings there is a picture of 3-4 transverse dark stripes.
Cherry fly damages the fruits of not only cherries and plums, but also cherries, apricots, barberries, honeysuckle, and bird cherry. Females of the pest lay their eggs in the pulp of the fetus, which is fed by legless white larvae 3-6 mm long emerging from eggs. Damaged fruits darken, but do not fall. After the larva leaves the fruit, it pupates in the soil.
Take a look at the photo: the pest fly, the tinnitus, is a small jumping insect whose body length is only 2.5-3 mm. The color of the pest has a greenish tint. Lungworms damage blooming buds, leaves, sucking plant juice.
As a result, the surface of the leaves is reduced, inflorescences and leaf rosettes dry. A distinctive feature of tinkerbirds is wings folded along the body. Adults hibernate in fallen leaves and pear bark.
In the fight against tinnitus, it is recommended to use infusions and decoctions of insecticidal plants – chamomile, garlic, yarrow, medicinal dandelion, etc. Another effective way to combat tinnitus is to smoke garden smoke with tobacco. To do this, place on the site small mounds of slightly moistened hay, each of which is sprinkled with pre-ground dry tobacco grass. For each stack, an average of 1-1.5 kg of tobacco is consumed. They need to be set on fire in the evening. Fumigation should be carried out in calm weather for 1-2 hours.
Pests of Plants Beet Fly and Garden Thistle
Beetroot mining fly lays eggs on the underside of young leaves. After a few days, larvae hatch, which, penetrating the leaf tissue, eat out the flesh in it, as if they mined the leaf. As a result, bloated spots of gray-yellow color are formed on the surface of the sheet.
Damaged leaves change color, turn yellow and dry. The next generation of larvae appears in late July or early August and damages the leaves of adult plants. In the southern regions may appear the third generation of beet flies.
The death of the fly contributes to the deep autumn digging of the soil, as well as the loosening of the aisles and destruction of weeds.
The garden thicket is a small dark brown or black insect whose body length does not exceed 1 cm.
Wintering of the larvae of larvae takes place in the soil. In the spring, they begin to eat plant roots, affecting almost all vegetable crops. By early May, pupation of larvae occurs, from which beetles then emerge.
Female females lay eggs in the soil, where the development of larvae that feed on the underground part of plants and post-harvest residues occurs. There they remain for the winter.
To combat the garden shearling, it is recommended to spray the plants with calcium cyanamide, which inhibits the development of pests.
It is necessary to fight weeds in a timely manner and remove all plant debris from the beds after harvesting. In autumn, dig the soil in the garden.